PeriodontologyPeriodontology is a field of dental medicine which deals with the health of gums and the supporting structures of teeth.
Periodontal health depends on numerous factors which are regulated by both doctor and his patient.
The crucial factors that affect periodontal health are:
- Oral hygiene
- Poorly made fillings
- Ill-fitting prosthetic restorations
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Advancement of Periodontal Disease in PhasesVarious treatment methods can be used to stop periodontal disease advancement during any of these phases, keeping teeth and the surrounding tissues healthy.
Periodontal pockets – spaces around teeth where the bone is destroyed and the gingiva swollen due to inflammation; they are virtually impossible to clean, which accelerates the advancement of periodontal disease.
SIMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE
Because the disease advances slowly, it often passes unnoticed, but once it passes a certain stage, it is irreversible.
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Redness of the gums
- Gum recession
Treatment Methods for Periodontal Disease
- Oral hygiene instructions
- Professional calculus and plaque removal
- Initial therapy and curettage
- Open curettage
- Guided bone and tissue regeneration (GBR/GTR)
- Connective tissue grafts/ Recession coverage
- Bone grafts